## Editorial for Dãy số hoàn hảo

Remember to use this editorial only when stuck, and not to copy-paste code from it. Please be respectful to the problem author and editorialist.
Submitting an official solution before solving the problem yourself is a bannable offence.

Lưu ý: Các code mẫu dưới đây chỉ mang tính tham khảo và có thể không AC được bài tập này

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
const int N = 100005;
const int oo = 1000000000;
using namespace std;
int n, b, F[N];
int a[N];

int main()
{
int i, ma = -oo;
scanf("%d %d", &n, &b);
for(i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
scanf("%d", &a[i]); ma = max(ma, a[i]);
}
if (ma >= b) {printf("0\n0"); return 0;}
if (a[1] == ma) printf("2\n"); else printf("1\n");
F[1] = 1; F[2] = 2; F[3] = 3;
for(i = 4; i <= n + 1; i++) F[i] = ((F[i - 1] + F[i - 1]) % oo - F[i - 3] + oo) % oo;
printf("%d", F[n + 1]);
return 0;
}


#### Code mẫu của RR

#include <sstream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <set>
#include <map>
#include <stack>
#include <queue>
#include <string>
#include <deque>
#include <complex>

#define FOR(i,a,b) for(int i=(a),_b=(b); i<=_b; i++)
#define FORD(i,a,b) for(int i=(a),_b=(b); i>=_b; i--)
#define REP(i,a) for(int i=0,_a=(a); i<_a; i++)
#define FORN(i,a,b) for(int i=(a),_b=(b);i<_b;i++)
#define DOWN(i,a,b) for(int i=a,_b=(b);i>=_b;i--)
#define SET(a,v) memset(a,v,sizeof(a))
#define sqr(x) ((x)*(x))
#define ll long long
#define F first
#define S second
#define PB push_back
#define MP make_pair

#define DEBUG(x) cout << #x << " = "; cout << x << endl;
#define PR(a,n) cout << #a << " = "; FOR(_,1,n) cout << a[_] << ' '; cout << endl;
#define PR0(a,n) cout << #a << " = "; REP(_,n) cout << a[_] << ' '; cout << endl;
using namespace std;

int INP,AM,REACHEOF;
#define BUFSIZE (1<<12)
char BUF[BUFSIZE+1], *inp=BUF;
#define GETCHAR(INP) { \
if(!*inp) { \
if (REACHEOF) return 0;\
memset(BUF,0,sizeof BUF);\
if (inpzzz != BUFSIZE) REACHEOF = true;\
inp=BUF; \
} \
INP=*inp++; \
}
#define DIG(a) (((a)>='0')&&((a)<='9'))
#define GN(j) { \
AM=0;\
GETCHAR(INP); while(!DIG(INP) && INP!='-') GETCHAR(INP);\
if (INP=='-') {AM=1;GETCHAR(INP);} \
j=INP-'0'; GETCHAR(INP); \
while(DIG(INP)){j=10*j+(INP-'0');GETCHAR(INP);} \
if (AM) j=-j;\
}

const long double PI = acos((long double) -1.0);

int n, a[100111], b, f[100111];

int main() {
scanf("%d%d", &n, &b);
int ln = -1000111000;
FOR(i,1,n) {
scanf("%d", &a[i]);
ln = max(ln, a[i]);
}
if (b <= ln) {
puts("0");
puts("0");
return 0;
}
if (ln == a[1]) puts("2");
else puts("1");

f[1] = 1; f[2] = 2;
FOR(i,3,n+1) f[i] = (f[i-1] + f[i-2]) % 1000000000;
cout << f[n+1] << endl;
return 0;
}


#### Code mẫu của hieult

#include <set>
#include <map>
#include <list>
#include <cmath>
#include <ctime>
#include <deque>
#include <queue>
#include <stack>
#include <bitset>
#include <cctype>
#include <cstdio>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <cassert>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <cstring>
#include <sstream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef long double ld;
typedef unsigned int ui;
typedef unsigned long long ull;

#define Rep(i,n) for(__typeof(n) i = 0; i < (n); ++i)
#define Repd(i,n) for(__typeof(n) i = (n)-1; i >= 0; --i)
#define For(i,a,b) for(__typeof(b) i = (a); i <= (b); ++i)
#define Ford(i,a,b) for(__typeof(a) i = (a); i >= (b); --i)
#define Fit(i,v) for(__typeof((v).begin()) i = (v).begin(); i != (v).end(); ++i)
#define Fitd(i,v) for(__typeof((v).rbegin()) i = (v).rbegin(); i != (v).rend(); ++i)
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define fi first
#define se second
#define sz(a) ((int)(a).size())
#define all(a) (a).begin(), (a).end()
#define ms(a,x) memset(a, x, sizeof(a))
#define nl puts("")
#define sp printf(" ")
#define ok puts("ok")
//#include <conio.h>

template<class F, class T> T convert(F a, int p = -1) { stringstream ss; if (p >= 0) ss << fixed << setprecision(p); ss << a; T r; ss >> r; return r; }
template<class T> void db(T a, int p = -1) { if (p >= 0) cout << fixed << setprecision(p); cout << a << " "; }
template<class T> T gcd(T a, T b) { T r; while (b != 0) { r = a % b; a = b; b = r; } return a; }
template<class T> T lcm(T a, T b) { return a / gcd(a, b) * b; }
template<class T> T sqr(T x) { return x * x; }
template<class T> T cube(T x) { return x * x * x; }
template<class T> struct Triple { T x, y, z; Triple() {} Triple(T _x, T _y, T _z) : x(_x), y(_y), z(_z) {} };
template<class T> Triple<T> euclid(T a, T b) { if (b == 0) return Triple<T>(1, 0, a); Triple<T> r = euclid(b, a % b); return Triple<T>(r.y, r.x - a / b * r.y, r.z); }
template<class T> int getbit(T s, int i) { return (s >> i) & 1; }
template<class T> T onbit(T s, int i) { return s | (T(1) << i); }
template<class T> T offbit(T s, int i) { return s & (~(T(1) << i)); }
template<class T> int cntbit(T s) { return s == 0 ? 0 : cntbit(s >> 1) + (s & 1); }
const int bfsz = 1 << 16; char bf[bfsz + 5]; int rsz = 0;int ptr = 0;
char gc() { if (rsz <= 0) { ptr = 0; rsz = fread(bf, 1, bfsz, stdin); if (rsz <= 0) return EOF; } --rsz; return bf[ptr++]; }
void ga(char &c) { c = EOF; while (!isalpha(c)) c = gc(); }
int gs(char s[]) { int l = 0; char c = gc(); while (isspace(c)) c = gc(); while (c != EOF && !isspace(c)) { s[l++] = c; c = gc(); } s[l] = '\0'; return l; }
template<class T> bool gi(T &v) {
v = 0; char c = gc(); while (c != EOF && c != '-' && !isdigit(c)) c = gc(); if (c == EOF) return false; bool neg = c == '-'; if (neg) c = gc();
while (isdigit(c)) { v = v * 10 + c - '0'; c = gc(); } if (neg) v = -v; return true;
}

const double PI = 2 * acos(0);
const string months[] = {"January", "February", "March", "April", "May", "June", "July", "August", "September", "October", "November", "December"};
const int days[] = {31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31};
const int dr[] = {0, 0, -1, +1};
const int dc[] = {-1, +1, 0, 0};
const int inf = (int)1e9 + 5;
const ll linf = (ll)1e16 + 5;
const double eps = ld(1e-12);
const ll mod = 1000000000;
typedef pair<int, int> II;

#define maxn 100005

using namespace std;

int n, m, a[maxn], f[maxn];

int main(){
//    freopen("in.txt", "r", stdin);
//    freopen("out.txt", "w", stdout);
gi(n); gi(m);
Rep(i, n) gi(a[i]);
if(n == 1){
if(m > a[0]) printf("2\n2");
else printf("0\n0");
return 0;
}
if(m <= a[0] || m <= a[1]){
printf("0\n0");
return 0;
}
if(a[0] < a[1]) printf("1\n");
else printf("2\n");
f[1] = 1; f[2] = 2;
For(i, 3, n + 1) f[i] = (f[i - 1] + f[i - 2]) % mod;
printf("%d\n", f[n + 1]);
// cout << clock() << endl;
//  getch();
}